Getting to know – Linings & Inter-Linings
Heavy Weight Sateen
Heavyweight sateen lining for curtains enhances the overall look and drape of your curtains. There are various types on the market today and each one has slightly different properties so it is important that you read the composition of the one you choose.
On the whole, however, it protects the main fabric from sun and heat damage as heavyweight sateen linings are cotton rich which makes the fabric thicker than a twill lining for example. The thicker the lining the greater protection for your main fabric.
Another important factor to consider is how will the lining sit with the main fabric? If you choose a heavyweight main fabric i.e. a velvet, you would want to put a thick lining on the back of your curtains. If you chose a thin lining then you would find that a lightweight lining would pull against the main fabric and twist on the leading edge.
Lightweight sateen lining is generally used on lining sheer or lightweight fabrics. It does offer protection from the sun and heat for the main fabric but not as much as the heavyweight linings.
Again you need to pay attention to the weight of the main fabric you have chosen when choosing the lightweight sateen. If the main fabric is too heavy they will fight against each other.
Thermal Lining is great for drafty windows as it has a tog value. As standard thermal lining has a rubber coating on the reverse but it is thinner than blackout lining and has a lighter weight feel about it but can be used with heavier weight fabrics. It generally comes in cream, Ivory or white colours.
The thermal lining does protect the main fabric for sun and heat damage although it does let some U.V rays through as it’s not a blackout lining. It mainly protects from the heat as the thermal backing repels the heat as well as the cold.
Bonded Sateen should be used carefully as it isn’t suitable for all curtains. It has a fleece blanket layer known as an inter-lining which is heat bonded to a lightweight sateen lining (so the two layers act as one). Bonded sateen generally has a tog value to it due to the thickness and will still let the light come through the lining.
Those looking to use bonded sateen need to be careful about how they use it because the two layers of fabric bonded together make it fairly stiff and not suitable for curtains if you want a draped effect. It will, however, be suitable if you are looking for eyelet headed curtains or curtains with a linear look.
Bonded Blackout lining again like the bonded sateen should be used carefully. The blackout layer makes it even stiffer than the sateen and it isn’t recommended for curtain linings at all. Where it is extremely useful is as a back for Roman blinds.
Using bonded blackout lining for roman blinds gives the blinds a rigidity and structure that you don’t get from normal linings. The bonded blackout lining makes the roman blindfolds look perfect as they are operated at the window. The only downfall is when it comes to cleaning as although most of the bonded blackout linings are dry cleanable most dry cleaners refuse to clean them as they don’t want to take responsibility should anything go wrong.
Domett is an inter-lining which is a fleece-like blanket which is positioned inside a curtain or roman blind in between the main fabric and the lining. Domett is generally cotton based and has a fluffy texture to it. There are generally three weights, light, medium and heavy and depending on the weight of your main fabric will depend on what weight domett you will use.
Domett gives curtains a beautiful full opulent look and because of the weave, it gives a beautiful drape to your curtains. It can be used for Roman blinds but there are other better inter-linings which are more suitable. One other thing to consider when using Domett is the cleaning of the curtains when it has been used. As with all linings, inter-linings and main fabrics, there is always a shrinkage allowance which can be up to 10%.
Pre-shrunk Domett has the same properties as the standard domett although it has had an additional treatment to the fibers/yarns. It comes already pre-shrunk so that when it is dry cleaned there should be minimal shrinkage.
Sarill inter-lining is generally made from manmade fibers and is generally stitched and ribbed. Like the domett, it comes in different weights, light, medium and heavy. Where the weave of the domett is very fluid the sarill is very tightly woven and the stitching makes it even more so.
Sarill inter-linings is a more suitable product for inter-lining roman blinds due to its ridged nature. It is also suitable for curtains where you want to achieve a linear look so the headings you would use it on are eyelet, wave or any pinch pleat that you don’t want to be swaged back.